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  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:Is Your Dog Wimpier than Your Cat?
    Have you ever noticed that while it’s pretty easy to tell your dog is sick, it’s much harder to know how your cat or bird are feeling? Well, before you start asking your dog why it can’t be more stoic like animals half its size, it’s probably worth considering each animal’s place in the food chain.  You see, the lower down the food chain you are, the more important it is for you to hide any sign of illness. Obvious illness or pain function as red flags for predators. You may as well wear a sign saying, Easy meal, guys. Come and get me.  Now, even small dogs are genetically programmed to function like predators, which makes sense considering they are close relatives of wolves. And birds–you can probably figure out why the only way you’d find out your bird is sick is when it dies. The situation wit...
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读经典加试原文及答案:苏美尔与埃及文明
    Mesopotamia的背景: 美索不达米亚亚洲西南部 Tigris 和Euphrates 两河流域间的古王国,美索不达米亚古代西南亚介于底格里斯河和幼发拉底河之间的一个地区,位于现在的伊拉克境内。可能在公元前 5000 年以前就开始有人在此定居。这一地区孕育了众多的人类早期文明,其中包括苏美尔文明、阿卡德文明、巴比伦文明和亚述文明。蒙古侵略者在公元 1258年破坏了该地区发达的灌溉系统之后,这一地区的重要性就此减小。其中巴比伦文明以其成就斐然而成为两河流域文明的典范,古巴比伦王国与古埃及、古印度和中国构成了人们所说的世界四大文明古国。  尼罗河文明:发源于非洲尼罗河(Nile)流域,又称古埃及文明,其历史也可追溯到公元前4000 年。公元前 3100 年左右,上埃及国王美尼斯统一上下埃及,开始了史称的埃及王朝时期,也就代表了古埃及文明的正式开始。  美索布达米娅文化 Sumerian civilization  第一段:美文化和埃及文化同时,但因为美的地域限制一直没有统一。(有题)平原,经常受到入侵,四周沙漠,生活好,不统一。开头,it is astonishing that...两个地方在同一时间产生了两种文化,并且互有交流。一个是尼罗河的埃及文化,一个
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:The Prefrontal Cortex with Age
    老年痴呆症困扰着全球众多老年人和他们的家人。而如何能预防这个可怕的疾病呢?今天的新托福考试阅读练习资料就来讨论这个话题。  The prefrontal cortex is the region of the brain located just behind the forehead, where higher-level cognition occurs, such as recalling whether a word was heard aloud or read. Most people show evidence of more processing on one side of the cortex, the right side. However, research has shown that many elderly people use both hemispheres more equally, thus processing bilaterally.  This discovery led to two opposing theories as to why. One theory supposes that this change in the prefrontal cortex is part of the general decline of the body, that bilateral processing is evidence of malfunctioning. The other theory supposes that enlisting the help of the other hemisphere of the prefrontal cortex is a way to compensate for reduced capacity in the ...
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:Mother's Day History
    The history of Mother's Day is centuries old and goes back to the times of ancient Greeks, who held festivities to honor Rhea, the mother of the gods. The early Christians celebrated the Mother's festival on the fourth Sunday of Lent to honor Mary, the mother of Christ. Interestingly, later on a religious order stretched the holiday to include all mothers, and named it as the Mothering Sunday. The English colonists settled in America discontinued the tradition of Mothering Sunday because of lack of time. In 1872 Julia Ward Howe organized a day for mothers dedicated to peace. It is a landmark in the history of Mother's Day.  In 1907, Anna M. Jarvis (1864-1948), a Philadelphia schoolteacher, began a movement to set up a national Mother's Day in honor of her mother, Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis. She solicited the help of hundreds of le...
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:Get It?
    人的喜怒哀乐都与大脑有关,而在我们笑的时候大脑和身体会发生怎样的变化呢?下面的新托福考试阅读练习资料会与大家讨论这个话题。  Did you ever wonder what occurs inside your body when something funny happens? What is this thing we have in our brains that makes us say ha-ha when someone slips on a banana?  One way to find out is to watch the brain laugh. That’s what Dartmouth neuroscientist William Kelley did. He and his team had a number of volunteers watch an episode of Seinfeld while being monitored by an MRI–that’s a machine that allows researchers to see which parts of the brain are active at any given time. They then synchronized the MRI data with the laugh track to see how the brain changes when it’s registering something funny. There’s no one funny center in the brain–but the findings were pretty suggestive.  When subjects...
  • [查看全文]新托福阅读真题答题技巧详解之细节题
    在准备和复习阶段,充分了解和熟悉新托福考试的真题题型,考生们才能更有针对性的提高自己各方面的英语能力。而新托福考试阅读部分共有10种题型,下面我们就来为大家一一介绍和解读,希望能帮助大家对托福考试的阅读部分有更准确的把握。  新托福考试阅读真题题型之Factual Information questions (3 to 6 questions per set )细节题  这是托福阅读考试中可能占到最大比重的一种题型,托福阅读考试一般是每篇文章12-14道题,尤其最近几乎都是14道题,如果一篇文章中出现了6道细节题,这个比例还是非常引人注目的。而且细节题可以说是能屈能伸的一种题型,就是说,它要容易,可以很容易,它要想难,可以非常难。所以我们的同学复习到后期,进行错题统计的时候会发现,错的最多的,竟然还是这个细节题,所以它是非常令人纠结的一种题型。细节题和词汇题加起来可以构成整个托福阅读考试题目的半壁江山,是我们取得托福阅读高分的基础,因此,我们不得不想办法攻克这种题型。  细节题从考查能力的角度上来说,主要考查的是提取关键词和在文章中定位有用解题信息的能力。细节题的问题一般就是纯粹的事实层面上的问题,主要问作者说了什么?哪些信息是真的
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:家庭压力大过职场?
    回家是件很幸福的事,但是据说回家后的压力比在工作中的压力更大?这是怎么回事?下面的新托福考试阅读练习资料就来告诉你为什么。  Spouses are a bigger source of stress than bosses, research shows. There may be no place like home, but if you want to relax then you might be better off at work, according to the survey.  The poll of 3,000 men and women also found that husbands are more likely to send their wives' blood pressure soaring than the other way round. Overall, 58 percent of those surveyed said their spouse or partner was among those who put them under pressure.  Just 43 percent said the same of their manager. And 18 per cent of women said their partner added a lot of stress to their life – compared with just 12 per cent of men.  Cary Cooper, professor of health psychology at Lancaster University, said it appeared that people were taking the...
  • [查看全文]新托福考试阅读练习资料:Tips for the Best Sleep Ever
      睡眠质量与人体健康息息相关,许多人长期因为睡不好而郁闷。那么,想要睡好觉我们可以有哪些方法呢?今天的新托福考试阅读练习资料就来给大家介绍一些很实用的助眠方法。  You’ve done all the obvious stuff—cut out late-night caffeine, made sure your bedroom is dark and cozy, avoided scary movies . So why are you still tossing and turning? Certain habits you’re unaware of could be sabotaging your sleep .  And, as you may know, lack of shut-eye doesn’t just leave you foggy the next day: Chronic, long-term insufficient sleep ups your odds of diabetes, depression, cardiovascular disease, even weight gain. So what to do? Try these unexpected tweaks, and wake up feeling incredibly well-rested.  Halt your afternoon habit