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  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(6)
    The Hotchkiss School,CTThe Hotchkiss School is an independent, coeducational American college preparatory boarding school located in Lakeville, Connecticut. Founded in 1891, the school enrolls students in grades 9 through 12 and a small number of postgraduates. Students at Hotchkiss come from across the United States and 37 foreign countries.Hotchkiss is a member of the Eight Schools Association, the Ten Schools Admissions Organization, and a member of the G20 Schools group. In 2010 Hotchkiss joined in a partnership with The Affiliated High School of Peking University to form the basis of the International Division of Peking University High SchoolAs of the 2005-06 school year, the school had an enrollment of 595 students and 151 classroom teachers, for a student-teacher ratio of 4-1.Hotchkiss has one of the largest financial endowments in the country, and highly competitive admissions, with only around 16% of students who apply being accepted.
  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(5)
    Deerfield Academy,MADeerfield Academy is an elite private, coeducational boarding school located in Deerfield, Massachusetts, United States. It is a four-year college-preparatory school with approximately 600 students and about 100 faculty, all of whom live on or near campus.Deerfieldis a member of the Eight Schools Association (ESA), begun informally in 1973-74 and formalized in 2006. Deerfield is also a member of the Ten Schools Admissions Organization, founded in 1966. There is a seven-school overlap of membership between the two groups. Deerfield is additionally a member of the G20 Schools group.In 2007, Deerfield's endowment was valued at $415 million, or roughly $680,000 per student. For the 2010-2011 school year, boarding tuition was $43,800 and day student tuition was $31,400. There is also an additional mandatory $910 book fee, a $675 technology...
  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(4)
    Choate Rosemary Hall,CTChoate Rosemary Hall (also known as Choate) is a private, college-preparatory, coeducational boarding school located in Wallingford, Connecticut. It took its present name and coeducational form with the merger in 1971 of two single-sex establishments, The Choate School (founded in 1896 in Wallingford) and Rosemary Hall (founded in 1890 in Wallingford, but resident from 1900 to 1971 in Greenwich, Connecticut). At the merger, the Wallingford campus was enlarged with a complex of modernist buildings on its eastern edge to accommodate the women from Greenwich.Choate is a member of the Eight Schools Association, begun informally in 1973–74 and formalized at a 2006 meeting at Lawrenceville School, when Choate headmaster Edward Shanahan was appointed its first president. He was succeeded in 2009 by Elizabeth Duffy, head of Lawrenceville....
  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(3)
    Lawrenceville School,NJThe Lawrenceville School is a coeducational, independent preparatory boarding school for grades 9–12 located on 700acres (2.8km2) in the historic community of Lawrenceville, in Lawrence Township, New Jersey, U.S. five miles (8km) southwest of Princeton.Lawrenceville is a member of the Eight Schools Association, begun informally in 1973–74 and formalized in 2006. Lawrenceville is also a member of the Ten Schools Admissions Organization, founded in 1966. There is a seven-school overlap of membership between the two groups. Lawrenceville is additionally a member of the G20 Schools group.For the 2009–2010 academic year, the School enrolled 815 boarding and day students, who come from 33 states and 33 countries. As of January 2011, its endowment stood at $275 million. Lawrenceville received 1,778 formal applications for entrance...
  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(2)
    Philips Exeter Academy,NHPhillips Exeter Academy (also called Exeter, Phillips Exeter or PEA) is a co-educational independent boarding school for grades 9–12 and postgraduates, located on 619acres (2.51km2) in Exeter, New Hampshire, USA, 50miles (80km) north of Boston.Early alumni of Exeter include US Senator Daniel Webster (1796); US President Franklin Pierce (1820); Abraham Lincoln's son Robert Lincoln (1860); Ulysses S. Grant, Jr. (1870), Richard and Francis Cleveland; "grandfather of football" Amos Alonzo Stagg (1880); and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Booth Tarkington (1889). John Knowles, author of A Separate Peace and Peace Breaks Out, was a 1945 graduate; both novels are set at the fictional Devon School, a reference to PEA. Exeter students and alumni call themselves "Exonians".Exeteris noted for its Harkness education, a system based on a conf...
  • [查看全文]美国十大著名私立高中简介(1)
    PhillipsAcademy ,Andover ,MAPhillipsAcademy is the oldest incorporated academy in the United States, established in 1778 by Samuel Phillips, Jr.. Phillips's uncle founded Phillips Exeter Academy three years later, starting a rivalry that has continued through the centuries. Phillips Academy's endowment stood around $787 million in January 2008, the fourth-highest of any American secondary school. Andover is subject to the control of a board of trustees, headed by Oscar Tang, a New York financier and philanthropist. In July 2012, Tang will retire and Peter Currie, class of 1974, will take over as Chairman of the Board of Trustees.PhillipsAcademy admitted only boys until the school became coeducational in 1973, the year of Phillips Academy's merger with Abbot Academy, a boarding school for girls in downtown Andover. Abbot Academy, founded in 1829, ...
  • [查看全文]国内高中与美国高中比较
    3.既学知识,更重能力在知识和能力上,他们更注重对学生的能力培养和技能训练。他们认为:面对复杂多变的社会如何思考、适应,需要技巧、技能,只会记忆知识,变了就不适应;学校培养的不仅是今天的人,更重要的是要培养明天的人。学生每天下午3点以前就放学,要让学生有充裕的时间自由发展。有的学生,也许基础课程学得不佳,但擅长电脑、科学小制作、缝纫、服装设计、烹饪、写作、演讲、摄影、绘画、音乐创作、体育运动等。学生的课外活动被看作是美国教育内容的重要组成部分,各学校把课外活动作为帮助学生增长才干、适应社会的重要措施。美国高中的课外作业及考试内容,除一般习题外,还要求学生撰写论文。倡导学生独立思考,鼓励学生提出个人见解。课业负担就大多数学生而言,课内、课外所花时间比例大体1:1,学生总体负担适度。但是学生要升入名牌大学,要靠自己主动安排更多学习内容,他们在课外学习时间的比例更大,因此,他们在高中学习的负担也是不轻的。(四)教育内容注重国际化 美国大多数高中学校都开设了IB课程,即国际高中通用文凭课程。它是由国际文凭组织(International BaccalaureateOrganization )(IBO)推行的一个为期两年的课程。这是一项为
  • [查看全文]国内高中与美国高中的优劣势分析(2)
    (二)课程设置重视学生的个性发展美国中学课程设置的宗旨是促使学生全面发展,其课程知识面广,能充分发挥学生的潜力,调动学生的学习积极性、主动性,促进学生发展特长。我们看到,很多高中开设有120多种课程供学生选择。课程分必修课与选修课。必修基础学科要求学生掌握必要的学科知识和合理的知识结构,以适应社会的基本要求。选修课课程丰富,充分满足学生的兴趣爱好,培养专业志向,促进学生发展个性特长。1.因人选课,因材施教选修课覆盖面甚广,大多讲授实用性知识、技能,涉及工业、农业、林业、商业、经济、法律、文秘、外语家政、环保、通讯、驾驶、制造、建筑、财会、时装、食品维修等众多领域,凡是学生感兴趣的实用知识,几乎都有相应的课程可供选择。选修课实践性强,在扩大知识面,开发潜力,培养实际能力,促进特长和个性发展,帮助选择专业、职业等方面起到积极作用。美国的阅读课程不仅包括语言、美国文学、写作等学科,还包括世界文学、新闻、杂志、演讲、辩论等学科。美国的高中不仅开设理、化、生等常规学科,像航天技术、园艺学、植物学、地质学等专业性很强的学科也在很多学校开设,学生可以自主选择。在美国,允许天才生、特长生充分发展潜能,高...
  • [查看全文]国内高中与美国高中比较(2)
    3.小班教学让每个学生充分发展在美国几乎所有学校班级学生都在15人左右。小班化教育为美国学校实施素质教育创造了良好的条件,师生活动的余地大了,每个学生得到教师的关注和辅导的机会多了,学生的个性就可以得到更充分地发展。4.重视思想品德教育美国非常重视学生的思想品德教育,这点在美国的高中到处都可以感受到。而且,这种教育具有非常明显的实用性,它贯穿在各个学科之中,具有很强的可操作性和现实性。美国的中小学没有思品课,但开设社会课,对学生进行公民教育,在校内外的各种活动中都渗透德育。在美国,几乎所有的中小学教室和办公室处处都可以看到悬挂着美国的国旗,学生在剪纸绘画中,经常会巧妙地把国旗镶嵌其中。公共场所的许多建筑物上都能见到国旗。国会的重大决策、议会辩论的实况定时向全国民众直播。平时,学校安排学生轮流到图书馆、小卖部、学生餐厅等处参加劳动,培养学生劳动观念和技能。学校的学生会组织年年改选,以增强学生参政意识。学生会组织各种活动,如举办戏剧节、募捐、义卖、戒烟和环保宣传等,以提高学生的自治能力。尽管美国的历史不长,但你会看到,他们能利用一些经典的人和事,建成各种各样的纪念碑和纪念馆,用以教育青少年学生....
  • [查看全文]国内高中与美国高中比较(1)
    美国高中的办学设施条件普遍较好,设计科学、合理,注重实用。在这一点上,我们的示范性高中并不比美国的优质高中差。不过,他们更注重办学特色,更强调以学生发展为本,给学生创造更多的个性发展空间.1.学分制与选课制促进学生主动发展学分制与选课制充分体现了美国以学生为中心的办学模式。学校只规定最低毕业学分,对课程种类、难度,没有统一要求。因此,学生不必按照某一固定的模式塑造自己,这样在学业上享有最大的自主权、主动权,可以充分发挥自己的潜力与特长,各个层次的学生都可以按照自身条件,各取所需,各得其所。2.校本教材保证学生可以自由发展美国中学的各学科没有统一教材,教材是由学校和任课教师选定的。对照中美两国的教科书,以数学、物理、化学、生物为例,两国教科书的知识框架覆盖范围大致相当。但美国教科书的叙述要详尽得多,内容约为我国教科书的十倍、数十倍。书中有大量照片、插图,生动形象,诱人一读。相比之下,我国教科书显得单薄,只有骨架而缺血肉。在讲述同一数学定理、物理定律、化学反应或生物现象时,我国的教材多以结论为主,内容有限。而美国的教材则从推导步骤、发现过程、实验验证、现象解释、相关科学家介绍、趣闻轶事等多方面...